My friend has a young Cavalier King Charles spaniel, Lotta, and she needs advice for how to teach her to take and drop on cue. She would like to use play as a reward but her dog should first learn to take and drop on cue. She would also like to teach Lotta tricks and in some of them dog should know how to take and drop on cue. My friend has not been able to teach her dog for a while because the thing she tried didn't work. My friend tried to teach Lotta to drop in the way it's done in this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1lQ8umLaTpI At first Lotta got really excited about the toy but when she gave Lotta treat, Lotta was already taking the toy back before eating it completely. After she had done this few times, Lotta didn't want to take the toy anymore. Lotta behaves the same way no matter what kind of toy it is. My friend says it's difficult to find an object that isn't Lotta's toy, Lotta doesn't see it as a toy and that she is willing to take. My friend can't use a piece of clothing because Lotta sometimes steales them and plays with them. In another forum someone suggested this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5phL604aZDA In this video take and drop is teached in the same way, but my friend doesn't understand how they are teached for dog in practise. It doesn't matter which behavior my friend tries to teach for Lotta. Lotta still behaves the same way as told. When my friend tries to teach them for Lotta, Lotta behaves the same way as the dog in this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8rCI5YDCAE When my friend tried to teach that to Lotta like in the first video, Lotta got too excited about her toy and behaved the same way as I told. The dog in the first video is more calm than Lotta although that dog is just a puppy. That puppy eats her treat nicely and waits patiently her toy and she's not taking it by herself like Lotta does. There is the same problem with Donna Hill's video. She trains service dogs and two of her dogs are suitable for that sort of work. Those dogs know how to work. When my friend tries to teach Lotta to drop it, Lotta gets so excited that she won't notice or understand that my friend tries to teach her something. My friend uses a clicker. She uses it because her dog sometimes moves so fast and she wouldn't otherwise have enough time to reward her dog when she does something right. Otherwise it is sometimes hard to reward her dog because she reacts differently to speach and a click. Also my friend has read earlier that in clicker training the verbal cue is not used before the dog knows the behavior. She thinks that she cannot name the behavior immeadiately at the beginning because of this: 1) When her dog does it at the beginning, it doesn't look similar as the end behavior. 2) This is not only about training sessions: when Lotta is playing with a toy, she is concentrating on it so much that she may not notice that one is saying something. In that case those cues are not going to mean anything to Lotta. We have a thread where we can discuss about Lotta's training and behavior. You may want to check it out. We have long time tried to find out and ask around what my friend could try next since what she first tried didn't work out. My friend was given some suggestions but we never found out would they work out or how they could be applied with Lotta. Those people never anwered to some of the questions about the suggestions. One of the things is to teach take and drop via leave it. It may not work because there are too many unknown parts in that way. One of the things is to reward with another toy. It doesn't work with Lotta because of this: my friend uses a clicker and she cannot use a verbal praise/marker. She needs to hold a clicker in one hand and a toy in another so that Lotta can't run away with it. That's why it would be difficult to throw another toy. Besides, Lotta would start to play with it and would not drop it. In other words, my friend has not enough hands for it. Following suggestion is the best one so far. This is what someone elsewhere told my friend to do with a clicker: ask with verbal cue Lotta to take a toy. After some time ask her to drop it and as a reward give that same toy back to Lotta. My friend would keep doing it for a little while and at the last time she would reward with a treat. However, that person suggested to use verbal cues right from the beginning. Like we told, that doesn't work with Lotta. So, the question is now does it work also in this way/in this order?: Would my friend do it otherwise by the same way and would she click when Lotta does one of the behaviors and would she name the behaviors only when Lotta knows them? So that she would teach them before naming them? If someone could answer to the question here, my friend could try it next. Does someone have other suggestions of what my friend could do?