The only time I have ever smacked Lexi was to get her attention when she was trying to get at the kittens. I don't like aggressive dog training either. And what sucks is the only dog trainer around here uses it. When trying to teach dogs to walk on a leash, she put on a choke collar and said to tug on the leash to tighten the collar and hurt the dog's throat when it wasn't walking properly. I almost cried when I heard my baby scream when this lady choked her. I stopped going to the class. Waste of 100 bucks and unfortunately I still don't have my baby trained cuz I don't really know what I'm doing.