humans have always lived in their territories (or they in ours), it's not a china/india thing w/ clearly drawn borders. in the USA the only fatal attacks have been in states w/ relatively high population & NO HUNTING SEASON. the states w/ stable or growing populations that have the least number of attacks have been states w/ hound seasons. in CA after they banned hunting them, the number of lions killed as nuisances/threats actually went UP from the sport hunting harvest. now no one knows what's going on in the cats' minds but it is not unreasonable to believe the lack of human threat increased their boldness & aggression toward humans & livestock.