Facts!facts About Breed Types,breed Jobs,and A Whole Lot Of Other Info!

Discussion in 'The Dog Breeds' started by Puppy, Aug 22, 2005.

  1. Puppy

    Puppy Bernese Mountain Dog!

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    Here are some facts that i though i would share with anyone who was interested or needed to know what the words meant. enjoy:

    Gundogs:
    Gundogs, also called bird dogs, are a category of dog breeds developed to assist hunters or sports people to retrieve prey, usually birds.They can also be animals like rabbits and pheasants.

    they include-
    Pointers
    Setters
    Spaniels
    Retrievers
    Water dogs.

    Below are definitions of the gundogs types and dog breeds that are included in the type.

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    Pointer:
    The Pointer is a group of dog breeds; specifically, they are a type of gundog typically used in hunting birds. The name pointer most likely comes from the dog's stance when they spot prey; many dogs point naturally at interesting noises or possible prey by lifting one paw and tucking it under their chests, with their nose extended and tail straight behind. Pointers were selectively bred for dogs who had this natural trait. They typically start to acquire their hunting instincts at about 2 months of age, although they need to be trained to assume the stance at all appropriate times and to maintain it until released by the hunter.

    they include-
    Ariege Pointer
    Brittany (formerly known as the Brittany Spaniel)
    English Pointer
    German Longhaired Pointer
    German Rough-haired Pointer
    German Shorthaired Pointer
    German Wirehaired Pointer
    Hungarian Vizsla
    Italian Spinone
    Old Danish Pointer
    Portuguese Pointer
    Pudelpointer
    Weimaraner
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    Setter:
    The Setter is a type of gundog used most often for hunting game such as quail, pheasant, and grouse. A setter silently searches for game by scent. When prey is encountered the dog's behavior defies nature, and the dog freezes rather than chases after the game. Setters get their name from their distinctive stance; a sort of crouch or "set" upon finding their quarry. Most setters are born with a natural proclivity to hunting. Dogs which show excitement and interest in birds are described as being "birdy", and trainers look for puppies that show this particular trait. Training is usually done with domesticated pigeons.
    Most setter breeds have long, silky coats that require maintenance. Setters have a tendency to be happy, playful dogs and are usually very friendly both to people and other dogs. They have a great deal of energy and require daily exercise.

    they include
    English Setter
    Gordon Setter
    Irish Setter
    Irish Red and White Setter
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    Spaniel:
    A Spaniel is a group of gun dog breeds. Spaniels are generally smaller dogs with longer coats and drop ears whose job is to assist with bird hunting. Spaniels have the primary purposes of flushing game from dense undergrowth and retrieving game after it has been shot. Different breeds reflect different emphasis on the dogs' uses. At one time, spaniels were subdivided into Land, Field, and Water spaniels, according to the terrain in which they worked best.

    they include-
    American Cocker Spaniel
    American Water Spaniel
    Blue Picardy Spaniel
    Boykin Spaniel
    Brittany_(dog)
    Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
    Clumber Spaniel
    Deutscher Wachtelhund (German Spaniel)
    Drentse Patrijshond (Dutch Partridge Dog) (possibly)
    English Cocker Spaniel
    English Springer Spaniel
    Field Spaniel
    French Spaniel
    Irish Water Spaniel
    Japanese Chin (Japanese Spaniel)
    King Charles Spaniel
    Kooikerhondje
    Small Munsterlander
    Large Munsterlander
    Papillion
    Picardy Spaniel (Epagneul Picard)
    Pont-Audemer Spaniel (Epagneul Pont-Audemer)
    Portuguese Water Dog (possibly)
    Spanish Water Dog (possibly)
    Stabyhoun
    Tibetan Spaniel
    Sussex Spaniel
    Welsh Springer Spaniel
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    Retriever
    A retriever is a family of gundogs that retrieve game for a hunter. These dogs were originally bred to retrieve birds or other prey and return them to the hunter without damage. As a result, retrieving breeds have extremely gentle mouths and a great willingness to please, learn, and obey. These traits have made retrievers such as the Labrador Retriever and Golden Retriever popular as Assistance dogs.They are very intelligent dogs.

    they include-
    Barbet
    Boykin Spaniel
    Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    Corded Poodle
    Curly-Coated Retriever
    Drentse Patrijshond (Dutch Partridge Dog)
    Epagneul Pont-Audemer
    Flat-Coated Retriever
    German Longhaired Pointer
    German Shorthaired Pointer
    German Wirehaired Pointer
    Golden Retriever
    Hungarian Vizsla
    Irish Water Spaniel
    Italian Spinone
    Labrador Retriever
    Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
    Poodle
    Portuguese Water Dog
    Spanish Water Dog
    Weimaraner
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    Water Dog:
    Water dogs are a type of gundog and count among their number some of the oldest dog breeds. As the name implies, water dogs were bred to flush and retrieve game from water. Strong swimming desire is distinctive within the various breeds.
    Water dogs have curly, sometimes corded coats which are somewhat waterproof. Most water dog breeds are highly intelligent and easy to train with a strong desire to be in company with people.

    they include-
    American Water Spaniel
    Barbet
    Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    Curly Coated Retriever
    Epagneul Pont-Audemer
    Irish Water Spaniel
    Labrador Retriever
    Poodle
    Portuguese Water Dog
    Puli
    Wetterhoun
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    What is a Mastiff?

    Mastiffs are a group of large, solidly built breeds of dogs, typically with heavy bones, pendant ears, a relatively short and well muscled neck, and a short muzzle. The English Mastiff breed is also sometimes called simply a Mastiff. Although some mastiff breeds are used for search and rescue, such as the Saint Bernard and the Newfoundland, most are used as guard dogs, due to their deep voices and natural guarding instincts, or herding dogs, not for actual herding but for protection against large predators as well as poachers. Some breeds, like the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog have also been used as cart dogs.

    they include-
    Akbash Dog
    Alano Español (Spanish Alano)
    American Bulldog
    American Mastiff
    American Staffordshire Terrier
    Anatolian Shepherd Dog
    Appenzeller Sennenhund
    Argentine Dogo
    Bergamasco
    Bernese Mountain Dog (Berner Sennen)
    Boerboel (South-African Mastiff)
    Broholmer
    Bulldog
    Bullmastiff
    Ca de Bou
    Cane Corso
    Central Asia Shepherd Dog
    Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)
    English Mastiff (Mastiff)
    Fila Brasileiro (Brazilian Mastiff)
    French Bulldog
    Gran Mastin de Borínquen
    Great Dane (German Mastiff)
    Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund (Greater Swiss Mountain Dog)
    Hovawart
    Indian Mastiff (Sindh Mastiff)
    Kangal Dog
    Kuvasz
    Landseer
    Leonberger
    Moscovskaya Storozhevaya Sobaka (Moscow Watchdog)
    Neapolitan Mastiff
    Nebolish Mastiff
    Newfoundland
    Owczarek Podhalanski (Tatra Mountain Sheepdog)
    Perro Cimarron
    Perro de Presa Canario
    Perro de Toro
    Pyrenean Mastiff
    Pyrenean Mountain Dog (Great Pyrenees)
    Rottweiler
    Sarplaninac
    Shar Pei
    Spanish Mastiff
    Saint Bernard
    Staffordshire Bull Terrier
    Tibetan Kyi Apso (Bearded Tibetan Mastiff)
    Tibetan Mastiff
    Tosa (Japanese Mastiff)
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    Here are some types of jobs that dogs have:

    Sheep Dog:
    A Sheep dog is a type of domestic dog whose original purpose was to herd or guard sheep. Sheepdogs are just one category of herding dogs. Many sheep dogs are now kept as domestic pets.Some breeds often nip at the herd when working, which is why some breeds are known to nip at their masters as puppys because it is a natural instinct.

    they include-
    Australian Cattle Dog
    Australian Kelpie
    Australian Shepherd
    Carpatin
    Collies
    Catalan Sheepdog (Gos d'atura)
    Ciobănesc de Bucovina
    German Shepherd Dog
    Icelandic Sheepdog
    Maremma Sheepdog
    Mioritic
    Old English Sheepdog
    Polish Lowland Sheepdog
    Puli
    Pyrenean Shepherd
    Sarplaninac (Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog)
    Shetland Sheepdog or Sheltie.
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  2. Puppy

    Puppy Bernese Mountain Dog!

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    Part 2

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    Herding Dogs:
    A herding dog is a dog that either has been trained in herding or that is a member of a breed developed for herding. Some herding breeds work well with any kinds of animals; others have been bred for generations to work with specific kinds of animals and have developed physical characteristics or styles of working that enhance their ability to handle these animals. Commonly herded animals include cattle, sheep, and reindeer.
    Herding dog is also sometimes used to refer to dogs whose primary job is to guard the herd from predators and to be sure that it does not go astray. A Maremma Sheepdog is an example.
    In general terms when categorizing dog breeds, herding dogs are considered a subcategory of working dogs.
    Dogs can herd other animals in a variety of ways. Some breeds, such as the Australian Cattle Dog, typically nip at the animals' heels (for this reason they are called heelers). Others, notably the Border Collie, get in front of the animals and use what is called eye to stare down the animals; they are known as headers. The Koolie has been observed to use both these methods and to jump on the backs of their charges. Koolies are therefore said to 'head', 'heel' and 'back'.

    they include-
    Collies, including:
    Border Collie
    Bearded Collie
    Smooth Collie
    Rough Collie

    Welsh Corgis:
    Pembroke Welsh Corgi
    Cardigan Welsh Corgi


    Shetland Sheepdog
    Australian Cattle Dog
    Australian Shepherd
    Australian Kelpie
    Belgian Shepherd Dog
    Bouvier des Flandres
    English Shepherd
    Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Pyrenean Shepherd
    German Shepherd Dog
    Koolie
    McNab
    Old English Sheepdog
    Canaan Dog
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    Livestock guardian dog:
    Livestock Guardian Dogs or LGDs are dogs of breeds which were bred to independently live with and guard livestock such as sheep. Because of this, LGDs are also referred to as sheep dogs. Unlike a herding dog, a LGD does not control the movement of the flock with predatory actions towards it. Instead, they blend into the flock and generally ignore the individual animals in favour of keeping an eye out for potential threats.
    Livestock Guardian Dogs are generally large, protective and independent, which can make them less than ideal for suburban or urban living and housepets. None the less, they are often chosen for their guardian qualities towards children, and will be as protective of their family as they would be of their flock. They are also used as guard dogs for people and property. Generally, most LGDs around the world are still kept as working dogs.

    they include-
    Akbash Dog
    Anatolian Shepherd Dog
    Caucasian Ovcharka
    Central Asia Shepherd Dog
    Kangal Dog
    Komondor
    Kuvasz
    Maremma Sheepdog
    Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Tibetan Mastiff.
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    Guard Dogs:
    A guard dog or watch dog is a dog employed to guard against, or watch for, unwanted or unexpected animals or people.
    Both guard dogs and watch dogs bark to alert their owners of an intruder's presence. The barking is also an attempt at scaring away the intruder. The watch dogs's function ends here, while a guard dog might be trained to restrain or attack the intruder. For example, livestock guardian dogs are often large enough and strong enough to attack and drive away predators such as wolves. In cases where intruders are more likely to be human, guard dogs are sometimes trained simply to restrain an intruder with his owner's guidance, as in Schutzhund training. Occasionally, guard dogs are trained to attack human intruder(s), though this practice is generally illegal.
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    Service Dogs/Assistance Dog:
    A service dog, a type of assistance dog, is a dog that is specially trained to help people who have disabilities with everyday tasks. According to Assistance Dogs International, "The three types of Assistance Dogs are guide dogs for the blind and the visually impaired, hearing dogs for the deaf and hard of hearing, and service dogs for people with disabilities other than those related to vision or hearing." Examples of this third type of service dog include Psychiatric service dogs, mobility assistance dogs, and seizure alert dogs. Service dogs are sometimes trained and bred by private organizations. In other cases, the disabled handler may train their dog themselves with the aid of a private trainer. While the law does not require any special labeling of these dogs, many service dogs can be identified by the cape, jacket, or harness they wear.
    Among other things, service dogs are trained how to pick up objects, open and close doors, and operate light switches. Some service dogs are trained to pull individuals in wheelchairs. During their training, the dogs usually spend a year or more with a host family to become acquainted with working around people. Many service dogs continue their training after they are formally placed with a person, usually on a yearly basis.

    these include-
    Guide dog
    Hearing dog
    Psychiatric service dog

    i will give you info on the 3 above below.
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    Guide Dogs:
    Guide dogs or seeing eye dogs are assistance dogs especially trained to lead blind or visually impaired people around obstacles.

    These dogs spend their early lives in foster homes where they are socialized through exposure to loving attention, and taught rudimentary skills through obedience training. Once potential guide dogs reach a certain age, they then begin their schooling as assistance animals before being matched with compatible human partners.
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    Hearing dog
    Hearing dogs, in the past known as "signal dogs" also, have also been called "sound alert dogs" or "hearing assist dogs" are a category of assistance dogs that are especially selected and trained to assist people who are deaf or hard of hearing.

    Hearing dogs allow their handlers to become aware of important sounds such as doorbells, smoke alarms, passing traffic, a ringing telephone, or an alarm clock. They also can work outside the home as 24/7 hearing dogs and alert to sounds such as sirens, fire alarms, fork lifts, people coming up behind someone quickly, name call, and other sounds.
    Hearing dogs may be trained professionally in as little as three months; however most are trained for a year. They are trained to recognize, then physically alert or lead their handler to the source of the sound, paw the owner for some sounds, and for others paw or jump on them but not lead them to it (example fire alarm). They are tested for proper temperament, sound reactivity, and if they are willing to work. Then they are trained in basic obedience, exposed to things they will face in public such as escalators, shopping carts, different types of people, elevators and so on. After that they are trained in sound alert.
    Some hearing dogs wear a blaze orange leash and collar to identify them.
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    Psychiatric service dog
    A Psychiatric Service Dog is a dog that helps its handler with a mental (psychiatric) disability. Common mental disabilities that sometimes require a service dog include, but are not limited to: Major Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Autism, Agoraphobia, and Schizophrenia. A Psychiatric Service Dog helps its handler mitigate their mental disability through trained tasks such as picking up or retrieving objects or aiding with mobility when the handler is dizzy from medication, waking the handler if the handler sleeps through alarms, and responding to episodes, among other things.

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    Show Dogs:
    A show dog is a purebred dog who is displayed at conformation dog shows to determine how well it conforms to established breed standards.
    In many cases, show dog is used to distinguish dogs whose appearance is valued above its ability to do a job, or whose ancestors were selected more for appearance than for skills, in comparison to working dogs. Show dogs are supposed to be breeding stock and therefore are entire individuals.
    Dog shows are hierarchical competitions and winners earn points at each level; these are recorded and added up and eventually a dog may earn enough points to be accorded the title Champion.

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    Right folks that me out for the night. I hope this post helps people who might need the info, and also i hope you learn from this.

    zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz im so tired after all this work!!!!!!!! its 2:30am right now so im out 4 the count.

    CYA CHAZHOUNDERS!!!!!!!!!!
     
  3. Manchesters

    Manchesters Guest

    Well, they were doing good until they got to the crapola about show dogs. The purpose of breeding is to have a sound mind in a sound body, so the dog can do what it was designed to do. There are some "Fad" breeders who will end up ruining a breed.....like what happened to the German Shepherds, and the Chows. But if the morons who judge didn't put up these piles, then people wouldn't breed that "type" of dog!!!!!

    Breeders need to stick to their guns!!!
     
  4. Puppy

    Puppy Bernese Mountain Dog!

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    LOL after all that reasearch i dont even get a well done.lol.its ok.ye i understand what you mean.

    i was just giving definitions of different things so people could maybe learn a few things.
     
  5. Becca_

    Becca_ chowchow

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    Maybe they dont think of german sheperds and chows as being dogs?
    Other than a few minor details Puppy, good job. :)
     
  6. Fuzz Puppy

    Fuzz Puppy New Member

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    Just wondering, What about hound, unless they were mentioned already? If they were, sorry.
     
  7. bubbatd

    bubbatd Moderator

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    Pup, you did a good report .... I agree with Manchester ( surprised , nah!) the Golden Retriever in the show ring today is nothing like the #1 Golden back in 1940s....Rip ... my first golden's daddy. I don't like the stride ( shorter legs ) in today's ring. They should be more free flowing in my mind....they clip their chest fleathers, and snip square the end of the beautiful tails. Sigh !
     
  8. Manchesters

    Manchesters Guest

    Great Job!

    You did a great job of finding the info. I was simply remarking that they didn't seem to know much about "show dogs".!
     
  9. bridey_01

    bridey_01 Kelpiefied

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    I wish it were true that showdogs were also bred for their working ability, and hopefully in other countries they are, but here in Australia we see some very nice looking sheepdogs, but put them in a pen with sheep and they're like "huh?"
    That's why farmers laugh at "show type" kelpies, they arn't even comparable to a real kelpie!
     
  10. Puppy

    Puppy Bernese Mountain Dog!

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    no i didn't get hound, sorry about that. too be honest i didn't realise that gsd's and chows weren't on any of the lists, ill have a look again where i got the info from too see if i can find anything.
     
  11. panzer426

    panzer426 New Member

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    german shepherd dogs are on the list, under sheep dogs.
     
  12. Puppy

    Puppy Bernese Mountain Dog!

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    oh ye. and under herding dogs awell.
     

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