History This ancient breed was developed near Bern, primarily in Duerrbach and Burgdorf. The Bernese Mountain Dog is descended from the Roman molussus fighting dog brought with the Roman legions, and later used to guard the flock. This breed began appearing in dog shows in 1902, and a standard was published in 1907. In 1949, Newfoundland blood was introduced. The Bernese Mountain Dog is now the most common of the Swiss mountain dogs. In 1990, the Bernese Mountain Dog was crossed with the Labrador, creating the still experimental Boulab. Description This hardy, well-balanced, peaceable dog naturally has a sweet, happy temperament. He is loyal and affectionate with his owners, but is wary around strangers and will courageously defend his owners and their property if necessary. Yet he is not aggressive and does not bark often. This breed dislikes being left alone. Firm, but gentle, training must be undertaken with patience because the breed does not reach emotional maturity until eighteen months to two years of age. Advice The Bernese Mountain Dog does not like to be locked up in a house. He loves wide open spaces and exercise. Weekly brushing is sufficient. Function Herder (large animals). Guard dog. Police dog. Draft dog (light carts). Pet. Description (1993) Head : Powerful. Slightly domed skull. Well-defined stop. Ears : Set on high, triangular, drop when at rest. Eyes : Almond shape. Dark brown color. Body : Thickset. Broad chest is well let down. Belly not tucked up. Straight, solid back. Slightly rounded croup. Tail : Bushy, carried low at rest. Hair : Long, straight or slightly wavy. Coat : Tri-color. Black background with tan (rich rust) markings on the checks, above the eyes, and on the legs and chest. White markings on the head (flare), on the neck extending down the forechest, on the feet, and tip of the tail. Size : Male: 64 to 70 cm (25-27,5 in).Female: 58 to 66 cm (23-26 in). Weight : 40 to 50 kg (88-110,5 lb).